One of the many happiness of being a woman is having children, described as unique and special. But for women whose reproductive systems do not function properly, having children can be difficult. Thankfully, IVF (in vitro fertilization) treatment is an available option that has been used in the medical setting for many years now.
According to records, IVF birth rates in the United Kingdom in 2019 were three times higher than in 1991. Does this mean that the success rate of IVF these days is higher than before?
How Does IVF Treatment Work?
IVF, also known as Assisted Reproductive Technique (ART), is a technique wherein egg cells are fertilized with sperm outside the woman’s body or in vitro, meaning “in a glass.” It is commonly used to treat female infertility due to fallopian tube problems and male infertility caused by testicle failure to produce healthy sperm.
The woman receiving IVF treatment takes hormone drugs to stimulate her ovaries to ripen multiple eggs, then removed from her ovaries. They are placed in sterile fluid in the laboratory for fertilization by sperm. When the embryos have developed into early-stage (4-8 cells) blastocysts after three days, one or two healthy embryos are chosen and transferred into the woman’s uterus using a fine plastic tube through the cervix. However, this depends on patients’ wishes after counseling about success rates, etc.
How do you know if it’s successful? A woman will take a pregnancy test, and she should know when to expect period after failed IVF. IVF failure means she will have her menstruation 12-16 days after the procedure.
Who Can Have IVF Treatment in the UK?
IVF is generally done in cycles on women aged 20-40 years old, although some patients need it later. Patients whose infertility is caused by blocked fallopian tubes rather than problems with egg production may be candidates for tubal surgery first instead of IVF.
Some guidelines set by the National Institute for Health and Care Excellence (NICE) say who qualifies for the IVF treatment in the country. These include a policy that IVF should be offered to women under the age of 43 who are trying to get pregnant through regular unprotected sex for two years. It is also for women who have had 12 cycles of artificial insemination, with at least 6 of these cycles utilizing a method called intrauterine insemination.
If you’re not eligible for the government-funded IVF treatment, you have to pay for the cost at a private fertility clinic. Make sure to plan ahead of time, including knowing IVF prices.
What Is The Success Rate of IVF?
Statistics in 2019 suggested that the success rate of IVF for women under age 35 is 32%. The success rate of other age brackets include:
- 25% for 35 to 37-year-old women
- 19% for 38 to 39-year-old women
- 11% for 40 to 42-year-old women
- 5% for 43 to 44-year-old women
- 4% for 44 and older women
There are times when the type of treatment influences the success rate of IVF. That’s why it’s crucial to choose a reliable fertility clinic, like Hull & East Riding Fertility – one of the top fertility clinics Yorkshire area with a team of experienced and highly trained medical personnel.
Risks of IVF Treatment
IVF is physically and emotionally demanding and doesn’t always end in pregnancy. Consider getting counseling to help you cope with the process. There are also health risks involved, including:
- Side effects from the medicines during the process, including headaches and hot flashes.
- Multiple births (twins or triplets), which can be dangerous for the mother and children.
- Ectopic pregnancy, a condition wherein the embryo implants in the fallopian tubes instead of the womb.
- Ovarian Hyperstimulation Syndrome (OHSS) wherein the ovaries overreact to the medicines used during the IVF treatment.